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A Study of the Plant Culture of Taki-Vatan-Bunun Tribe in Bahwan

2016-02-04

A Study of the Plant Culture of Taki-Vatan-Bunun Tribe in Bahwan

Tiang-Lamilingan1 , Chung-Hsi Liu2


Abstract

The Bunun tribe belonging to the Taki-Vatan groups’ Bahwan tribe, was used to settled in the Vatan valley Dasi which was on the west side of the Central Mountains with the altitude of roughly 1500 meters. In 1933 due to the Japanese government’ resettlement policy, this group was forced to move down to the altitude of 900 meters on the east side of the Central Mountains, an area in Hualian called Wanrung. Later, in 1951 it was again pushed down to the altitude of 200 meters in the East Rift Valley. Additionally, other factors such as the political, economic and social changes have made and preserve the traditional cultures indigenous knowledge at risk. Thus, this study aims to record such dying knowledge by adopting the participatory observation methods and semi-structured interviews, such as involving with tribal events and ceremonies. The results of this study have documented 235 descriptions for the plant and its usages of the Vatan groups, ranging from food, clothing, architectures, firewood, tools, health and shamans, to symbolic, religious and ceremonial descriptions of the plant cultures. At the end, this study also provide suggestions for the sustainable use of Bunun plants and its cultural heritage.

 

Key words: Bahwan tribe, Taki-Vatan Bunun, plants and cultural heritage


1The research bulletin is a part of the master thesis of first author .
2Assistant Researcher of Taitung DARES, COA.
3Life Science Department of National Taitung University ,Professor.